Christina2 Hacker (Christoph1, StephenA) was born on 25 December 1723 in Rußheim, Baden-Durlach, Germany.1 On 8 November 1746 when Christina was 22, she married Johan Michael Lang, in the Evangelisch Kirche (Lutheran Church) in Rußheim. Michael was born in Rußheim on 25 November 1721 to Johannes Diebold Lang and his wife Margaretha Neeß.2
Michael and Christina (Hacker) Lang entered Philadelphia on the ship Rawley on 23 October 1752, accompanied by Christina’s parents, and her sister and brother-in-law, Lorentz and Margaretha (Hacker) Haushalter/Householder.3 Michael took allegiance to the King of England that same day. Christina was not quite 29 years of age when they came and we do not know whether they brought any children with them. Only the adult males were registered when boarding the ship.
The couple settled in Cocalico Township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, probably near Christina’s parents and brothers. Christina and Michael likely died some time between 1780 and 1790. A Michael Lange and wife appear in a list of communicants for Emanuel Lutheran Church in Brickerville, Elizabeth Township, Lancaster County for the “First Sunday after Trinity” 1780.4 Since their son Michael Jr. did not marry his wife Christina until 1781, it is likely that this entry refers to this couple.
Additionally, a Michael Lang/Long also appears as a landowner in the tax records of Lancaster County from 1756 and 1759, then again in 1779 and 1780.5 A Michael Lang/Long also appears in the tax records from 1783 through 1802. However, since both father and son were married and living (presumably) in Cocalico Township, the fact that only one of them appears in the tax record leads me to believe that the father had died. No burial location for Christina and Michael is known.
To my knowledge, Michael and Christina (Hacker) Lang had two children, a son and a daughter, as follows:
- Johann George3 Lang was born 6 November 1747 in Rußheim, Baden-Durlach, Germany. He immigrated to the Pennsylvania colony in 1752 with his parents.
- Christina Lang was born 18 December 1751 in Rußheim. Christina immigrated to the Pennsylvania colony with her parents in 1752. Either she died prior to 18 February 1754 or the information regarding “Anna Christina Lang” is incorrect and there was only one daughter named Christina.
- Anna Christina Long was born 18 February 1754 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and baptized 15 April 1754, sponsored by Anna Barbara Brent wife of Andreas Brent, Anna Christina Moser, daughter of Paul Moser, and Christoph Reitenauser, single son of Hannes Reitenauer, confirmed.6 She died in Centre County, Pennsylvania on 19 June 1827 and was buried in Wolf’s Chapel Cemetery, also known as Stover Cemetery. She married Johan Wilhelm Stober sometime between 27 August and 25 November 1775, most likely at Emanuel Lutheran Church in Brickerville.
- Johan Michael Long was born 15 October 1757 in Cocalico Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, was baptized on 13 November 1757 in Emanuel Lutheran Church.7 Michael died in June of 1802. About 1780, he married Christina Stober, daughter of Johan George and Eva Elisabeth (Elser) Stober.
In subsequent generations, the spelling of the family’s surname LANG (pronounced Long) was anglicized and changed to Long.
- Lang, Wilhelm Ludwig, Rußheimer Familien Ortissippenbuch 1692 bis 1920 (Dettenheim, Germany : Gemeinde Dettenheim, 2003), page 350. ↩
- Lang, Rußheimer Familien, page 350; The author is descended from Michael’s younger brother Lorenz who remained in Rußheim. ↩
- Strassburger, Ralph Beaver and William John Hinke, editor, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, Co., Inc., 1980), page 499-500. ↩
- Weiser, Frederick S., translator, Sources and Documents of the Pennsylvania Germans: Volume XIII, Records of the Pastoral Acts at Emanuel Lutheran Church, known in the Eighteenth Century as the Warwick Congregation, near Brickerville, Elizabeth Township, Lancaster County, PA, 1743-1799, (Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1983), page 203. ↩
- Hawbaker, Gary T., and Clyde L. Groff. A New Index, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Before the Federal Census, Volume 1, Index to the 1780 Tax Records. (Hershey, Pennsylvania: no publisher, 1981); Tax Lists, 1750-1814, Cocalico township (1751—1808) and Cocalico township (1809—1838), Lancaster county, Pennsylvania; microcopy roll #6040, 6041; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. ↩
- FamilyTree Maker’s Family Archives, Church Records: Selected Areas of Pennsylvania, 1600s-1800s, citing Family Archive CD-ROM #166, (Fremont, California: Banner Blue Software, 1997); This information has not been verified and may be incorrect as there was a second “Michael Lang” in Berks County. ↩
- Weiser, Sources and Documents of the Pennsylvania Germans: Volume XIII… 1743-1799, page 60. ↩