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  1. Kris,

    Schreiner does not translate as carpenter in the hierarchy of germanic woodworking trades. A schreiner is a skilled furniture maker, working in more expensive hardwoods. A kistmacher makes boxes…a tischler makes tables and probably operates a lathe as well. A zimmerman is a carpenter. To be fair by the time our ancestors acculturated these terms may have lost some of their traditional hierarchical rigidity. The account book of Abraham Hover (Hoover, Huber) form Martic twp., as I recall shows not only Schranke and kuchenshranke but some plans for a structure (appears to be a barn). These are notes from his apprenticeship (ca 1797 apparently) so his master was operating in an economy where divisions of craft were less stringent than the continent.

    Thanks for all of your very informative work!

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    1. Thanks for your comment, Joseph. Very informative! Google translate did not make that distinction in translating “schreiner.”

      I suspect you’re correct about the trades. I believe that life for tradesman in the colonies was quite a bit less restrictive with considerable more freedom for the individual than in Europe. Part of the attraction of immigration, I would bet.

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      1. Kris,

        As a furniture maker and restorer this area is of particular interest to me (at least). Especially any Germanic work. If you are interested see: German Influences in Pennsylvania Furniture (Benno Foman) in Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans ISBN 0-393-01749-4

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      1. If only. There is supposed to be a copy in the Downs Manuscript collection at Winterthur, originally held by the Lancaster county Historical Museum….I corresponded with a Wendel Zercher regarding it several years ago and he sent me some photocopies. It was partially reproduced in an issue of Spinning Wheel magazine an article by John J. Snyder I believe. That account book ended up having additional apparently later entries by a Levy (Levi?) Huber in 1835.

        Additionally, I have an Andrew Hoover Theory I have been wanting to run by you….perhaps one you may not have heard of.

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